TDI Integration Research
TDI conducts internationally renowned scholarship on the nature and practice of cross-disciplinary integration.
integration, cross-disciplinary integration, interdisciplinary integration, transdisciplinary integration, how to integrate
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TDI Integration Research

With 20 affiliated researchers, the Toolbox Dialogue Initiative incubates many diverse research projects exploring the many facets of collaborative team communication. Several projects have cohered into an Integration subgroup, with active involvement by Michael O’Rourke (MSU), Bethany Laursen (MSU), Brian Robinson (Texas A&M-Kingsville), Chad Gonnerman (USI), and Stephen Crowley (BSU). The figure below shows how they interact. Scroll down to learn more.

Concept map of TDI integration research
Concept Map of TDI Integration Research

The IPO Model of Integration

Researchers

Michael O'Rourke, Stephen Crowley, Chad Gonnerman, and Bethany Laursen

Project Description

Proposes and develops an Input-Process-Output (IPO) model of integration

Start Date

2012

Status

Ongoing

Research Outputs

  • Hubbs, G. & Crowley, S. (2020) “Integration: What is it?” Presented at the 11th Annual Science of Team Science Conference, Virtual. June 1.
  • Laursen, B. K. (2019). Thinking with Klein about Integration. Issues in Interdisciplinary Studies, 37(2), 33–61.
  • Laursen, B. K. and O’Rourke, M. (2019) “Detecting integrative discourse in team meetings.” Presented at the International Transdisciplinarity Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden. September 12.
  • O’Rourke, M. & Laursen, B. K. “Understanding interdisciplinary integration: Learning from Julie Thompson Klein.” Presented at the Association for Interdisciplinary Studies annual conference, Detroit, MI. October 12.
  • Laursen, B. K., & O’Rourke, M. (2018) “Evidence for integrative reasoning in interdisciplinary team science.” Presented at the 8th annual Science of Team Science Conference, Galveston, TX. May 23.
  • Laursen, B. K., & O’Rourke, M. “Humanities-based methods for the cognitive science of communication: Examples from the Toolbox Dialogue Initiative.” Presented at the Cognitive Science of Communication Studies Symposium, East Lansing, MI. April 20.
  • O’Rourke, M., Crowley, S., & Gonnerman, C. (2016). On the nature of cross-disciplinary integration: A philosophical framework. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 56, 62–70. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2015.10.003
  • O’Rourke, M., & Crowley, S. (2012). “What might integration be? What using philosophical interventions to facilitate disciplinary integration can teach us about the notion of common ground.” Presented at the Philosophy Of/As Interdisciplinary Network Conference, Tübingen, Germany.

Taxonomies of Integration

Researchers

Brian Robinson and Michael O'Rourke

Project Description

Proposes several taxonomies of integration based on parameters identified in the IPO model

Start Date

2018

Status

Ongoing

Research Outputs

  • O’Rourke, M., Crowley, S., Laursen, B. K., Robinson, B., & Vasko, S. E. (2019). Disciplinary Diversity in Teams: Integrative Approaches from Unidisciplinarity to Transdisciplinarity. In Strategies for Team Science Success (Vol. 190, pp. 21–46). Cham: Springer International Publishing. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20992-6_2
  • O’Rourke, M. and Robinson, B. (In press). Communication and Integration in Cross-disciplinary Activity. In M. O’Rourke, G. Hubbs, and S. Orzack (Eds.), The Toolbox Dialogue Initiative, CRC Press.

Integration through Communication

Researchers

Michael O’Rourke, Brian Robinson, Stephen Crowley, Chad Gonnerman, Zachary Piso, and Bethany Laursen

Project Description

Explains how cross-disciplinary integration depends upon and affects different aspects of communication

Start Date

2015

Status

Ongoing

Research Outputs

  • Laursen, B. K., Gonnerman, C., & Crowley, S. (In review) Improving philosophical dialogue interventions to better resolve problematic value pluralism in collaborative environmental science. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science.
  • O’Rourke, M. and Robinson, B. (In press). Communication and Integration in Cross-disciplinary Activity. In M. O’Rourke, G. Hubbs, and S. Orzack (Eds.), The Toolbox Dialogue Initiative.
  • Piso, Z., Sertler, E., Malavisi, A., Marable, K., Jensen, E., Gonnerman, C., & O’Rourke, M. (2016). The Production and Reinforcement of Ignorance in Collaborative Interdisciplinary Research. Social Epistemology, 30(5-6), 643–664. http://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2016.1213328

Integration through Argumentation

Researchers

Bethany Laursen and Michael O'Rourke

Project Description

Proposes, develops, and evaluates how cross-disciplinary research integration mainly occurs through argumentative communication

Start Date

2017

Status

On hold

Research Outputs

  • O’Rourke, M., Hall, T., and Laursen, B. K. (In press) The Power of Dialogue. In M. O’Rourke, G. Hubbs, and S. Orzack (Eds.), The Toolbox Dialogue Initiative.
  • Laursen, B. K. (2019). Thinking with Klein about Integration. Issues in Interdisciplinary Studies, 37(2), 33–61.
  • Laursen, B. K., Motzer, N., and Anderson, K. (2019) “A new methodology for evaluating integration in interdisciplinary research products.” Presented at the 10th Annual Science of Team Science Conference, Lansing, MI. May 22.
  • Laursen, B. K. (2018.) What is collaborative, interdisciplinary reasoning? The heart of interdisciplinary team science. Informing Science: The International Journal of an Emerging Transdiscipline, 21, 75–106. http://doi.org/10.28945/4010
  • Laursen, B. K. (2018) On the intersection of interdisciplinary studies and argumentation studies: The case of inference to the best explanation. Issues in Interdisciplinary Studies, 36(1), 93-108.
  • Laursen, B. K., (2017). “What is collaborative, interdisciplinary reasoning? The heart of interdisciplinary team science.” 7th annual Science of Team Science conference, Clearwater Beach, FL. June 13.
  • Laursen, B. K., (2017). “What is collaborative, interdisciplinary reasoning? The heart of interdisciplinary team science.” 7th annual Values in Medicine, Science, and Technology conference, Dallas, TX. May 19.
  • Laursen, B. K., (2016). “Explicating and negotiating bias in interdisciplinary inquiry using abductive tools.” Argumentation, Objectivity, and Bias: the 11th Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation, Windsor, Ontario, Canada. May 19.

Integrative Readiness

Researchers

Michal O'Rourke, Zachary Piso, Stephanie Vasko, Stephen Crowley, and Bethany Laursen

Project Description

Models integrative readiness and develops a typology of team readiness based on these models

Start Date

2016

Status

On hold

Research Outputs

  • O’Rourke, M., Crowley, S., Laursen, B., Robinson, B., Vasko, S. E. (2019). Disciplinary diversity in teams, integrative approaches from unidisciplinarity to transdisciplinarity. In K. L. Hall, A. L. Vogel, and R. T. Croyle (Eds.), Advancing Social and Behavioral Health Research through Cross-Disciplinary Team Science: Principles for Success (pp. 19–44). Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Piso, Z., O’Rourke, M., & Weathers, K. C. (2016). Out of the fog: Catalyzing integrative capacity in interdisciplinary research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 56(C), 84–94. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2016.01.002

Integration as a Group Virtue

Researchers

Stephen Crowley, Brian Robinson, and Chad Gonnerman

Project Description

Articulates the circumstances under which integration is a group virtue

Start Date

2019

Status

On hold

Research Outputs

  • Crowley, S., Robinson, B., & Gonnerman, C. (2019). “Integration as a Non-Reductive Team Virtue.” Paper presented at the annual Science of Team Science Conference, East Lansing, MI. May 21.

Microintegrations

Researchers

Michal O'Rourke, Stephen Crowley, Brian Robinson, and Chad Gonnerman

Project Description

Attempts to identify the smallest units of integration in communication

Start Date

2019

Status

On hold

Research Outputs

  • Robinson, B. Crowley, S., Gonnerman, C., O’Rourke, M., & Rinkus, M. (2019, July). “The Toolbox Approach to Embedded, Empirical Philosophy of Science: Evidence of Effectiveness and a Few Lessons Learned.” Paper presented at the Learning from Empirical Approaches to History and Philosophy of Science 2019 Conference, Hannover, Germany.