Experimental Philosophy of Science and Philosophical Differences across the Sciences
This paper contributes to the underdeveloped field of experimental philosophy of science. We examine variability in the philosophical views of scientists. Using data from Toolbox Dialogue Initiative, we analyze scientists’ responses to prompts on philosophical issues (methodology, confirmation, values, reality, reductionism, and motivation for scientific research) to assess variance in the philosophical views of physical scientists, life scientists, and social and behavioral scientists. We find six prompts about which differences arose, with several more that look promising for future research. We then evaluate the difference between the natural and social sciences and the challenge of interdisciplinary integration across scientific branches.
Robinson, B., Gonnerman, C., O’Rourke, M. (2018). Experimental philosophy of science and philosophical differences across the sciences. Philosophy of Science. Forthcoming.